PKIS v2.0 A clinical tool for identifying important pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions

Footnotes and References

a.clinical PK interaction studies referred to in product information.
b.likely to be a major inhibitor based on subjective evaluation (≥ 2-fold AUC increase or ≥ 50% decrease in clearance of in vivo CYP probe).
c.likely to be a major inducer based on subjective evaluation (≥ 2-fold decrease in AUC or ≥ 50% increase in clearance of in vivo CYP probe).
1.Masimirembwa CM, Gustafsson LL, Dahl ML, Abdi YA, Hasler JA. Lack of effect of chloroquine on the debrisoquine (CYP2D6) and S-mephenytoin (CYP2C19) hydroxylation phenotypes. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 1996; 41: 344-46.[PubMed]
2.Jeppesen U, Gram LF, Vistisen K, Loft S, Poulsen HE, Brosen K. Dose dependent inhibition of CYP1A2, CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 by citalopram, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine and paroxetine. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 1996; 51: 73-78.[PubMed]
3.Szewczuk-Boguslawska M, Kiejna A, Grzesiak M, Beszlej JA, Chlebowska I, Orzechowska-Juzwenko K, Milejski P. The influence of clomipramine on CYP2D6 activity. Psychiatr Pol 2007; 41: 243-49.[PubMed]
4.Ciraulo DA, Barnhill J, Boxenbaum H. Pharmacokinetic interaction of disulfiram and antidepressants. Am J Psychiat 1985; 142: 1373-74.[PubMed]
5.Di Marco MP, Edwards DJ, Wainer IW, Ducharme MP. The effect of grapefruit juice and seville orange juice on the pharmacokinetics of dextromethorphan: The role of gut CYP3A and P-glycoprotein. Life Sci 2002; 71: 1149-60.[PubMed]
6.Somer M, Kallio J, Pesonen U, Pyykko K, Huupponen R, Scheinin M. Influence of hydroxychloroquine on the bioavailability of oral metoprolol. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2000; 49: 549-54.[PubMed]
7.Sanz EJ, Bertilsson L. d-Propoxyphene is a potent inhibitor of debrisoquine, but not S-mephenytoin 4-hydroxylation in vivo. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring 1990; 12: 297-99.[PubMed]
8.Bauer LA, Horn JR, Maxon S, Easterling TR, Shen DD, Strandness DE. Effect of metoprolol and verapamil administered separately and concurrently after single doses on liver flood flow and drug disposition. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2000; 40: 533-43.[PubMed]
9.Hedaya MA, El-Afify DR, El-Maghraby GM. The effect of ciprofloxacin and clarithromycin on sildenafil oral bioavailability in human volunteers. Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition 2006; 27: 103-10.[PubMed]
10.Wire MB, Shelton MJ, Studenberg S. Fosamprenavir - Clinical pharmacokinetics and drug interactions of the amprenavir prodrug. Clinical Pharmacokinetics 2006; 45: 137-68.[PubMed]
11.Schellens JHM, Vanderwart JHF, Brugman M, Breimer DD. Influence of enzyme induction and inhibition on the oxidation of nifedipine, sparteine, mephenytoin and antipyrine in humans as assessed by a "cocktail" study design. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 1989; 249: 638-45.[PubMed]
12.Abernethy DR, Greenblatt DJ, Morse DS, Shader RI. Interaction of propoxyphene with diazepam, alprazolam and lorazepam. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 1985; 19: 51-54.[PubMed]
Disclaimer
WARNING: While all efforts were put in to maintain the accuracy and currency of the information, it is possible that the knowledge and electronic tools may contain errors and inadequacy. Both Flinder's University and University of New South Wales are not liable to any damages or losses resulted from such circumstances. Clinical discretions are strongly advised at all times.